UNS — Internal Medicine Doctor at the Universitas Sebelas Maret (UNS) Hospital in Surakarta, Dr. Desy Puspa Putri, Sp.PD., urges the public to remain vigilant against several diseases that often arise during extreme weather or the onset of the rainy season.

Common diseases during the rainy season include diarrhea, dengue fever, typhoid fever, upper respiratory tract infections such as the flu, cough, and sore throat, as well as skin diseases and leptospirosis (a disease transmitted through rats).

“Leptospirosis is a disease caused by the Leptospira bacteria transmitted through human contact with rat urine. Symptoms include fever, muscle pain, headache, tea-colored urine, and a decrease in urine volume. This disease is transmitted from animals, so it is not contagious among humans,” dr. Desy explained on Tuesday (23/1/2024).

So, what are the factors causing the emergence of diseases during the rainy season? dr. Desy mentions several influencing factors. These include a weakened immune system and poor hygiene practices such as consuming unclean food and not washing hands before meals or after defecation. “Transmission can also occur from the surrounding environment, including living or working in areas with water puddles and mosquito nests or getting infected by friends or other family members,” she added.

The symptoms vary depending on the type of disease. Generally, there will be complaints such as fever, joint pain, nausea, or dizziness. If a disease arises, it is advisable to get plenty of rest, consume nutritious food and water, take fever-reducing medication if necessary, and if symptoms do not improve, promptly consult a doctor.

“The treatment for each disease will vary depending on its type, so it is best to consult a doctor to receive appropriate therapy,” dr. Desy said.

To avoid diseases during the rainy season, it is recommended to maintain immunity through regular exercise, consume healthy food, and drink an adequate amount of water. Moreover, maintaining personal and environmental hygiene, taking vitamins if necessary, and promptly consulting a doctor if feeling unwell are crucial preventive measures. HUMAS UNS

Editor: Dwi Hastuti

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